Oh, the Smell!!!
Boston the City had a quarter of a million citizens, ten
times the size of
the Town in 1800. Boston
It was a nice city, but the smell--- some days, especially in the southern and western parts—the smell was overpowering. The smell in parts of the city was terrible for weeks at a time.
been a city for over 50 years, and a town since 1630. It was time to put in a
modern sewer system. Boston
In the late 1600s residents built the first sewer drains, and it was pretty much whoever could pay for digging and building a drain to the nearest water put it in. In those days, people disposed of human waste separately, in cesspools.
Even up to the 1880s people dumped their chamber pots in tanks on their property.
industrial revolution expanded
tremendously, and all the additional people, and all the chemicals that poured
from the textile mills and other manufacturing plants turned ’s rivers and harbor into murky,
stinking waterways. Boston
1866, just after the Civil War, a cholera epidemic hit
and hundreds died. Boston
So a decade later, it was time for
action, and Elliot C. Clarke was one of the men who led the effort to build a
new system that would move the effluent beneath the city and out to
Boston harbor, at .
Map of Boston sewer system, 1885, by Elliot C. Clarke
recently found three small handwritten diaries that Clarke had written during the years when he was building the new
I found it fascinating to follow along as he records his daily work in
building the sewer from Sep. 7, 1878 to Dec. 19, 1881. Boston
Clarke was a
member of a fine old
Boston family, and became a
his work in building a sewer system for the City. Boston
Clarke was a prominent figure in Public Health and Civil Engineering in those days, and his work was interconnected not only with building, maintaining and expanding Boston's storm drain and sewer system, but the many railroads and horse railways criss-crossing the city, as well as streets and the system of collecting slops, house trash and ashes from residences and businesses all over the city, and collecting and disposing of dead animals daily.
Clarke gave papers at national Public Health forums, and wrote a mountain
of documentation on
sewer system, covering sewer design, interconnections, manholes, pumps, and
sewage through pipes that could backflood during high tides, causing noxious
gases to back up in cellars across the city. He found a solution in
intercepting sewer systems, and described this in a presentation at
Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1879, and later in a book published in
1885. His diaries record daily encounters with his fellow administrators and
engineers, foremen, developers, builders, politicians and the public. His
writing is organized, literate and complete. Boston
In his diary,
Clark writes (Oct. 2,
1878) about efforts
to get residents to deed property for sewer
Three personal handwritten diaries (1879-1881) in the life of Eliot C. Clarke, Principal Assistant Engineer for Improved Sewerage, the man who built the
Sewer System 1878-1881 Boston, MA: City of . The man responsible for building
and maintaining Boston 's
sewer system in the years after the Civil War kept these handwritten diaries of
his work from Sep. 7, 1878 to Dec. 19, 1881. Clarke was a prominent
figure in Public Health and Civil Engineering in those days, and his work was
interconnected not only with building, maintaining and expanding Boston's storm
drain and sewer system, but the many railroads and horse railways
criss-crossing the city, as well as streets and the system of collecting slops,
house trash and ashes from residences and businesses all over the city, and
collecting and disposing of dead animals daily. Clarke gave papers at
national Public Health forums, and wrote a mountain of documentation on Boston 's sewer system,
covering sewer design, interconnections, manholes, pumps, and sewage through
pipes that could backflood during high tides, causing noxious gases to back up
in cellars across the city. He found a solution in intercepting sewer systems,
and described this in a presentation at Massachusetts Institute of Technology
in 1879, and later in a book published in 1885. His diaries record daily
encounters with his fellow administrators and engineers, foremen, developers,
builders, politicians and the public. His writing is organized, literate
and complete. 7.3 x 12 cm. Three small booklets one 9.7 x 15 cm, pages nearly
all filled; two 7.5 x 12 Standard 19th c. diaries, gilt edged pages, very good.
In 1880 one-third of pages are filled out, in 1881, one-half are filled out.
All very good. (8111) $480.00. American Originals/Engineering Boston
In the event that
sewers are not your cup of tea, The Personal Navigator offers these books and
Mary Norton's Autograph Book, Maynard, Mass., 1879 Norton, Mary A. 1879 Maynard, MA: ephemera. Mary started this autograph book in 1879. It contains sentimental inscriptions from friends and relatives, mostly from
Maynard, MA and ."Remember me till death shall close
these eyelids…" from
Katie Snee, Maynard. Includes small embroidery of a Bible with a cross, with
flowers on it. 17 x 10 cm. Leather autograph book, spine leather torn off, some
damp stain on first few pages, fair. (7688) $28.00. American Originals Halifax, Nova
Joyeaux Trio from Ruth's Post Cards, 1928
Ruth's Post Card Travelogue, 1928 by Bradford, Ruth Boston, MA: Ruth Bradford,
18 Cedarlane Way.
Ruth is on the "grand
tour" of Europe, and sends home this detailed, colorful report of
her adventures, carefully described on the backs of 22 post cards. She watches
the fireworks for Bastille Day at
and warns her friend Lucia to stay clear of Nice. She tells about the violent
hailstorm as her group drives through the Biarritz Pyrenees.
Luncheon in ,
visit to the potteries. 22 cards 9 x 14 cm. Twenty-two photographic post
cards with a detailed travel journal written on backs. Very good. (6337)
$65.00. American Originals/Travel Quimper
Cannon and Camera
Rough Riders at
Cannons and Camera: Sea and Land Battles of the Spanish-American War in Cuba, Camp Life, and the Return of the Soldiers; First Edition Photographs and Narrative by Hemment, John C.1898.
D. Appleton & Co. 282 pp. 13.5 x 20 cm. This book has been widely
reproduced. In this book War Artist John C. Hemment has captured the War in New York, NY in
excellent, sharp photographs and accompanying text. Introduction by W.I. Lincoln Cuba Adams. Hemment had earlier photographed the Battleship
Maine extensively, and when he arrived in he found she had just been
blown up. His description of the Spaniards and the Cubans is colorful and
portrays the sharp enmity between Americans and Spaniards. Interesting and
detailed photos of recovery of parts of Cuba Maine,
life in American soldiers' camp, off to the seat of war in by seagoing transport... Life with General Shafter and his staff. Description of photography and developing of
film, etc. under combat conditions.
Firing on Santiago Morro Castle. Among the Cuban
pickets. About mules in the campaign.
Siege of .
The Charge at El Caney. Our Bold Rough
Riders.and Colonel Roosevelt. Return of the Rough Riders. With appendix and
index. Red cloth on board with
decoration on cover showing a sailor cleaning a naval gun; gilt lettering.
Edges worn, binding weak, spine faded. Inscription dated 1898 on ffep. Fair.
(5261) $42.00. History/Spanish-American War Santiago
Modern Sanitation, March 1907 published by Standard Sanitary Mfg. Co., New York, London, Chicago 1907 Pittsburgh, PA: Standard Sanitary Mfg. Co. Magazine features cover photo of London's Piccadilly Circus, where public toilet is now located. Editorial by Horace Barnes notes that Europe is far ahead of
in providing public toilets. "Sewage Purification and Disposal" by
J.J. Cosgrove, Principles of Sewage Purification, Part III. "History of
Sanitation" Part III. Ads for Porcelain Enameled Closet, Porcelain
Enameled Bath and Lavatory all feature details and illustrations. 32 pp. 17.5 x
24.7 cm. Periodical, moderate wear, good. (8160) $35.00. Advertising U.S.
Rhode Island, A Study in Separatism: American Commonwealths series, second edition by Richman, Irvirng Berdine 1918
Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin & Co. Frontispiece is fold-out
as of 1905. Author notes several changes in the Rhode Island Constitution made
in 1909 which affect this 1905 edition. Author notes existence of much
prejudice between Rhode Island Rhode Island and Massachusetts, and states that since he is not connected
to New England, his work may be found to be
impartial. Narragansett Bay and the beginnings
of separatism. Age of Roger Williams. Paper Money. and the Sea. Golden Age of Rhode Island . Growth of Newport , Stephen
Hopkins and Moses Brown. Revolution and Providence . American forces, British seizure of Rhode
Island Newport, Laafayette riding a-gallop to to appeal to D'Estaing to return the
fleet. American army escapes without loss to Tiverton. Enlistment of negroes,
mulattoes and Indian man slaves 1778-1780. John Brown, forced to run his
privateers past British batteries; his letter to General Greene; Greene's
disdainful reply. The Dorr Rebellion. The Civil War and After. Bibliography.
Three maps. 395 pp. + adv. 12 x 18 cm. Red cloth on board, with gilt lettering
and design, spine sunfaded, very good. (5327)
$19.00. History Boston
Walter Kendall Architect--Architecture sketches and drawings collection and Detailed Photo History of Property at
MA 1957-58 1958 :
Kendall & Young, Architects. Loose-leaf notebook filled with
drawings, sketches and notes, "Architecture collected by W.J.
Kendall". Includes photos by famous architects, Rockport, MA by Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue, Architect;
Choir Screen, Reredos of St. Thomas Church, New York, by B.G. Goodhue,
Architect; many more. Sixteen page album of color photographs of project moving
two homes together near ocean in Church of St. Vincent
Ferrer by Kendall and
Young, 1957-58. 24 x 28 cm. Cloth covered loose-leaf notebook, lightly soiled,
good; Photo album of 16 heavy card pages with photos pasted on. Good. (8034)
$90.00. American Originals/Ephemera Rockport,
Cartoons from WWII Sailor's Photo Album; WWII Sailor
World War II Sailor's Photo Album, ca. 1945 ~23 pp. 25 x 29 cm. World War II sailor collected photos of girls, Navy blimps, his ship USS Zircon (PY-16), more girls, other sailors. Includes three small handmade sailor cartoons, two large photos of girls, charcoal sketch of young man, group photo of 1945 class at
Leatherette photo album with photos inserted in plastic sheets, good. (5686)
$50.00. American Originals/World
War II/Navy/Ephemera Camp Peary, VA.
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