, 1843 Shanghai
Oh, to have been a Missionary in the good old days! Imagine boarding a ship in
Salem Harbor, right here in . You took your whole family, and trunks and trunks of books, clothes, pots, pans, and all the food you would need for a few years. Massachusetts
Your voyage would take you to ports in the Caribees, and then down the coast of South America to
Cape Horn. If you were lucky enough to make it around the Horn, after several months you would make it across the South Pacific Ocean and make landfall near the Straits of Malacca, then into the Indian Ocean until you arrived at Hindoostan, which would be your home for the next several years.
Or, perhaps you might have landed in Cathay, which we now call
Missionaries that nations and churches have sent all over the world have done a world of good, in bringing medical care, and better health practices, and teaching people better ways to farm, and to protect themselves from disease, and in many ways missionaries have carried a message of hope and faith that has truly improved the lives of people the world over!
Today, however, some of us have just a thought that some of our missionary work was a little heavy-handed.
As long as
has been a country, we have been so sure of ourselves that we wanted everyone else in the world to join us. America
After all, how can they live without joining us in our religious faith? I mean, it’s only right that we lead them into the light.
Never mind that they have been Hindoos, Buddhists or Mohametans or even tree-worshippers --- for many centuries!
Well, we really didn’t want those yellow and brown people to come over here, mind you --- but we felt that we needed to make good Christians of them. While we went to great efforts to give them the wealth of our knowledge and experience, our immigration laws severely limited their coming to live here.
Our missionaries have sailed all over the world, taking Bibles and trinkets to win the hearts and minds of the rest of the world. We were so terribly sure that if we could turn them into good Christians, they would stop killing each other, and marrying multiple wives, and putting widows on the funeral pyre to be burned alive with their dead husbands. If we could make everyone in the world into good, God-fearing, teetotaler Christians, the world would be so much safer!
American Baptist Magazine, May 1820
If you read a few of the books, magazines and papers that religious groups published in the nineteenth century, you may get the impression that our missionaries went forth to Siam and Hindoostan, Persia, Cathay and Africa--- and to the Indian tribes all over America and Canada --- without knowing much about these people, and with very little respect for their religious faith or culture. Americans sitting at home here read with eagerness about the adventures in these far-off places.
I invite you to read a little about the problems of building a missionary college in
early in the nineteenth century. Serampour, India
Read about missionaries among the Indian tribes right in North America, and read a translation of a letter of King Otaheite of the Society Islands (Tahiti), telling about a comet that has struck his people.
Serampore College in India, founded 1818.
American Baptist Magazine and Missionary Intelligencer, May 1820, Vol. 2 No. 9
Boston, MA: Baptist Missionary Society of . Memoir of Rev. Henry Jessey. Review of sermon delivered at the ordination of Rev. Stephen Chapin by Jeremiah Chaplin, Professor of Divinity in the Maine Literary and Theological Institution, at Massachusetts North Yarmouth. Extract of letter from , Serampore by W. Ward. [Note: Ward was among founders of this College in Missionary College in 1818. It still exists in 2008.] College is open to all denominations of Christians, and to as many heathen scholars as choose to avail themselves of its exercises and lectures. Letter from Pomare, King of Otaheite, India Society Islands. Report on efforts to Christianize American Indians of the and Stockbridge; letter signed with marks by Oneida Indians asking to embrace Christianity. 34 pp. 15 x 24 cm. Paper periodical, edges frayed, page corners curled, poor. (6399) $36.00. Religious/Missionary Oneida
King of Otaheite,
American Baptist Magazine and Missionary Intelligencer, September 1820, Vol. 2 No. 11
Boston, MA: Baptist Missionary Society of . Frontispiece engraving of Rev'd James Manning Winchell, A.M. late pastor of the Massachusetts First Baptist Church in . Memoir of the death of Mrs. Tamma Winchell, Rev. Winchell's widow. Tribute on death of Rev. Edward W. Wheelock, who, dying of consumption, left Boston Rangoon for , and died at sea. Letter from Mrs. Colman on the Burman Mission, mournfully relates last days of Rev. Wheelock. In letter to her sister she chides her for not answering for "nine long months" and goes on to tell her about revival of Buddhism in Calcutta , and building of pagodas. 32 pp. 15 x 24 cm. Paper periodical, edges frayed, page corners curled, poor. (6400) $36.00. Religious/Missionary Burma
American Baptist Magazine and Missionary Intelligencer, January 1821, Vol. 3 No. 1;
Boston, MA: Baptist Missionary Society of . Reflections on the New Year, 1821. Memoir of Rev. Andrew Fuller, Late Pastor of the Massachusetts Baptist Church and Society in . Extracts from Mr. Judson's Journal--Burman Warren, Maine . Judson writes of traveling in Burmese rowing boat with ten rowmen to visit monarch in New Ava, or Ahmarapoor, 350 miles from Mission . Visit to Pagan. Disappointing audience with the emperor. They presented him an elaborately decorated Bible, which he flung to the ground. Necessity of Christianity to Rangoon India; about the Hindoos; ritual of dying and the Ganges. Mr. Ward and the at Serampoor. Missionary college at Serampoor will accept a Krishnu, a Sebuk-Ram, or a Ram-Mohun for 45 dollars a year. 40 pp. 15 x 24 cm. Paper periodical, edges frayed, page corners curled, fair. (6401) $36.00. Religious/Missionary SORRY---SOLD. Mission
American Messenger, June 1856; "Behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people." Luke 2:10. Vol. 14. No. 6
: The American Tract Society. Americans eagerly awaited this monthly religious paper. National news, religious commentary. Missionary news. Report on desperate condition of women of New York, NY , by Rev. John C. Lord of Ningpo: They are slaves. Story about a dog who saved a store from burning in China . War in Europe is ended, Treaty signed in Troy, NY Paris March 30 by Great Britain, Russia, Austria, Sardinia, Turkey, France, . 4 pp. 38 x 56 cm. Newspaper, spinefold torn 24 cm, good. (5361) $20.00. Religious/History Prussia
American Messenger, July 1856; "Behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people." Luke 2:10. Vol. 14. No. 7
: The American Tract Society. Americans eagerly awaited this monthly religious paper. National news, religious commentary. Missionary news. Colporteurs* among the Cherokees. Work of Grace among the Karens of Burmah. The Chinese Language and Dialects. Agent of American Bible Society in New York, NY sees declining interest in Mohammedanism and increased interest in the Christian religion among Moslems. 4 pp. 38 x 56 cm. Newspaper, biopredation in horizontal fold, fair. (5362) $20.00. Religious/History Turkey
*Colporteurs were peddlars or distributors of religious booklets and tracts.
American Messenger, August 1856; "Behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people." Luke 2:10. Vol. 14. No. 8
: The American Tract Society. Americans eagerly awaited this monthly religious paper. National news, religious commentary. Missionary news. Letter from a Slave--Thanks for the American Messenger! Report of Mexicans in Metamoras (sic) who are willing to read. Progress in the North-west, among Romanists who have renounced Popery and then united with Protestant churches. 4 pp. 38 x 56 cm. Newspaper, very good. (5363) $20.00. Religious/History New York, NY
American Messenger, September, 1856; "Behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people." Luke 2:10. Vol. 14. No. 9
: The American Tract Society. Americans eagerly awaited this monthly religious paper. National news, religious commentary. Missionary news. Story about lumbermen on the head waters of the New York, NY Kennebec River in , one who swore that God Almighty is not quick enough to kill me with a tree. The next day, while felling their first tree, a small branch was thrown with fatal aim, as by the hand of the Almighty, and killed him. Story of brutal Indian swinging festivals honoring Shiva near Maine . 4 pp. 38 x 56 cm. Newspaper, top edge ragged. very good. (5364) $20.00. Religious/History Calcutta
American Messenger, April 1857; "Behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people." Luke 2:10. Vol. 15. No. 4
: The American Tract Society. Americans eagerly awaited this monthly religious paper. National news, religious commentary. Missionary news. Florence Nightingale, her upbringing, and her service in the recent war in the New York, NY Crimea. The Rev. Dr. Eli Smith died Jan. 11 in , aged 55. His work was in translating, preparing and issuing a Bible in Arabic. 4 pp. 38 x 56 cm. Newspaper, very good. (5365) $20.00. Religious/History Beyrout, Syria
American Messenger, June 1858; "Behold I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people." Luke 2:10. Vol. 16. No. 6
: The American Tract Society. 4 pp. 38 x 56 cm. Americans eagerly awaited this monthly religious paper. National news, religious commentary. Missionary news. Bishop McIlvaine's Address at 33rd anniversary of the Society. Position on "anti-slavery". New York, NY Minnesota was admitted into the confederacy of the May 12, making the number of states in the Union 32. United States to adopt the new style of calendar, so that by 1912 their calendar will coincide with the Gregorian. The children's missionary vessel, "Morning Star" since arriving at the Russia Sandwich islands in 1857 has made two important cruises. Newspaper, very good. (5372) $20.00. Religious/Hist
Boston Investigator, The; Devoted to the development and promotion of universal mental liberty.
Boston, Massachusetts, June 2, 1869 Seaver, Horace, Editor 1869 : Josiah P. Mendum. Unique newspaper, now in its 39th year, dedicated to Rationalism, fighting bigotry and superstition. Originally founded by the noted atheist Abner Kneeland, J.P. Mendum carried on the cause of fighting religion and religiosity. Editorial on benefits and advantages of Atheism. "Why should we not applaud the heroism of Atheistical martyrs... who were burnt by their Christian enemies?" Paganism: "It would be difficult to prove that Paganism contained a greater mass of absurdities, follies, immoralities, madness, and fanaticism than modern Christianity." Report of circulation of the Gospel and the Holy Bible in Boston, MA . Upwards of 5,000,000 tracts have been given away, and on Good Friday the Puerta del Sol resembled a vast reading room. Report of Indian fight. Seven companies of the Fifth Cavalry, led by General Carr, while moving from Kansas toward Fort McPherson, struck a camp of about 500 Cheyennes, and a big fight ensued, in which the Indians were badly defeated. The YMCA of Milwaukee has decided to leave its reading rooms open on Sunday, and Spain Lake Michigan has not risen its banks and inundated the town. 8 pp. 36 x 42 cm. Newspaper, tiny holes in intersection of folds; letter "c" pencil on about five articles. Good. (7402) $49.00. Religious/Atheism
Christian Register, The,
Boston and Chicago, Saturday, April 4, 1874 : Christian Register Association. Writing in this newspaper is as tart and alert, educated with a good sense of humor, that one can observe even after all these years. "A Sunday among the Szekler Unitarians" by Robert S. Morison reports of visit to religious community in Boston, MA Almas on Homorod, Transylvania. Nearly everyone in these villages is Unitarian...visit to funeral of old woman. "A Burman Dandy" description of a man who thinks himself the most worthy to be admired of any dandy in all of Burmah. "An Answer to 'T.H.’ on Darwinism" gives erudite argument to earlier statements. Editorial reports decision of the Brooklyn Trinitarian Congregational Council which justifies and approves the course of the churches of Rev. Dr. Storrs and Budington, and favors the continuance of fellowship with , with stipulations. Letter from Plymouth Church Michigan reports the Festival of the Annunciation in , one of the most solemn and joyous festivals of the Catholic Church. Writer compares celebration to one in Ann Arbor Nazareth, , with little Syrian children, 20 years ago. 4 pp. 54 x 70 cm. Newspaper, small holes in folds, fair. (7721) $20.00. Religious/Unitarian Palestine
Connecticut Evangelical Magazine, Volume I; bound volume of numbers 1-12, from July 1800 to June 1801; First Edition Cogswell, James, D.D. Editor et al 1801 Hartford, CT: Hudson and Goodwin, Printers. Evangelical magazine by Missionary Society of Connecticut to support of missions in the new American settlements and among the heathen. News from London Missionary society about missionary work in the
South Seas. Misfortunes of the Otaheitean Mission. News about Missionary work among the Indians. Letter to Indian Tribes bordering on Lake Erie. Report of unusual religious appearances by Rev. Samuel J. Mills of . Memoirs of Mrs. Sarah Storrs, consort of Rev. Richard Salter Torringford, Connecticut . Address to backsliding Christians. Confession of the Freethinker John James Rosseau. History of the Moravians, or Unitas Fratrum. Thoughts on the future glory of the Jewish nation. Character and experiences of Mrs. Nancy Bishop. Death of Clarissa. Revival of Religion in New-Hartford. 237 pp. 12 x 21 cm. Calf on board, corners bumped, worn, spine cracked and shriveled. Pp. 155-156 missing bottom part of page; pp. 157-158 torn and poorly repaired. Bookplate on front pastedown from "First Social Library in Newbury port". Overall poor condition. (4843) $68.00. Religious Storrs
Connecticut Evangelical Magazine, Volume III; bound volume of numbers 1-12, from July 1802 to June 1803; Williams, Nathan, D.D. Editor et al 1803 Hartford, CT: Hudson and Goodwin, Printers. Evangelical magazine by Missionary Society of Connecticut to support of missions in the new American settlements and among the heathen. Report on attempts to Christianize the Indians; Thomas Mayhew among the Indians on
Martha's Vineyard, continued from Vol. II. On the Revival of Religion in Yale-College, . On the Comfort of the Holy Ghost. Reflections on God's Feeding his ancient church with Manna. Revival in Middlebury. Thoughts on the Angel of the Lord. Memoirs of Miss Deborah Thomas. Extract of a Letter from Rev. David Bacon, Missionary to the Indians, dated Machilimakinak, July 2, 1802. New Haven and Chippeways. Account of Japhet Hannit as teacher of the first Indian church on Ottawas Martha's Vineyard. Life and dying exercises of Mrs. B-----, who died July, 1802 in one of the towns of the state of in the 30th year of her age.484 pp. w/ index 12 x 21 cm. Calf on board, worn, pencil notations on front inside pastedown. Good. (4844) $74.00. Religious Massachusetts
Connecticut Evangelical Magazine, The; Vol. IV, Consisting of 12 numbers, to be published monthly, from July 1803 to June 1804 Williams, Nathan, D.D.; Smalley, John, D.D.; Day, Jeremiah, D.D.; Trumbull, Benjamin, D.D.; Parsons, Elijah, D.D., et al, Editors 1804.
: Hudson & Goodwin Bound volume of twelve issues of Evangelical Magazine. "Attempts to Christianize the Indians in New-England & c." continued from the previous year. Mention of attempts by Romish priests, which are opposed to actions of Protestant priests, include "teaching them the Pater Noster and rubbing a few beads, then baptising them." In November 1803 issue is description of Religious exercises in the Indian Congregations, from a letter from Dr. Increase Mather in 1687. Before he died, Rev. Mr. Atwater of Hartford, CT wrote an Advice for his only son, William. That advice is published in the October 1803 issue. Report of Revival of Religion in Westfield , in 1799. "Reflections of a Youth once dissolute, brought to serious consideration" published in April 1804 issue. 484 pp. 12.4 x 21.5 cm. Whole calf on board, edges lightly worn, text block slightly fanned; contemporary signature of Elijah Loomis written three times on front endpapers, with "Cost 11/". Text block tight, slight foxing. Good copy. (5260) $66.00. Religious/Missionary Lebanon, New York
Journal of Missions "The Field is the World"
Boston, September, 1855 , MA: American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Summary of Intelligence: North American Indians. Choctaws, 121 have professed their faith as Christians. Cherokees: Four have joined the church, and the cause of temperance wears "a somewhat brightening aspect." Ojibwas. Not so good, little interest in education for their children. But we have noted a marked change for the better in temperance. We have not seen a drunk Indian for two years. Report from Boston : Cholera has abated, but still prevails at Tillipally. Small-pox is prevalent. "Has anything been done by the Ceylon Mission to in 25 Years?" Report by G.B.W. from Beyroot notes that work has been attempted and steadily persevered in. Reports from Hindustan, Syria Burmah, China and . Facts about the Siam , or Ascension by one of the Micronesian Missionaries. 4 pp. 38 x 55 cm. Newspaper, paper very durable, with small stains, good. (7142) $26.00. Religious/Missionary Island of Bonabe
Missionary Herald, The; Vol. XXXV No. 10, October, 1839
, MA: American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Journal of Mr. Thomson at Beyroot; gets in trouble handing out tracts. Visit from Arab and long, circular conversation aimed at getting a Bible. Recommendation of Boston as a field for missionary labor. Mahrattas. Letter from Ahmednuggur. Journal from Mr. Riggs, missionary among the Sioux Indians at Antioch . "the Sioux love dog-meat as well as white people do pork." 32 pp. 16 x 24 cm. Paper periodical, name of "Miss Sally Howe" inscribed on cover wrap, very good. (6097) $28.00. Religious/Missionary. Lake Travers
Missionary Herald, The; Vol. XXXV No. 11, November, 1839 1839 Boston, MA American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 48 pp. 16 x 24 cm. Report from Syria and the Holy Land, discouraging and daunting task; The Druzes continue to throng our dwellings until they are persecuted by the Maronites. Work in Beyroot. Letter from Broosa (probably
) among the Armenians and Greeks, burning of missionary books in public bonfire. Report from Bursa, Turkey Borneo of a sea voyage to the mouth of the Sambas river. Six precise and strict Mohammedans, "apparently honest and sincere followers of the false prophet and his delusions." Paper periodical, name of "Miss Sally Howe" inscribed on cover wrap, very good. (6095) $28.00. Religious/Missionary [p. 417: The Dyaks of this village (in Borneo) still continue the barbarous practice of cutting off heads, and boast of bringing in two or three fresh ones every year. In the verandah where we have our lodgings, there are 15 or 20, and some suspended immediately over the place assigned us to sleep."]
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