Battleship Row in Pearl Harbor
I was seven years old when the Japanese bombed
Pearl Harbor on Dec, 7, 1941—old enough to feel the atmosphere of our nation snapping to attention.
Before that date in 1941 Americans wanted to believe that those two big oceans insulated us from war. After all, the Nazis, who had marched all over
Europe, didn’t threaten us. And the Japanese – more trouble for , and all those countries over there. China
But the day the Japanese bombed
brought us all to realize that this was WAR. This was serious. Hawaii
Right away young men started enlisting in the Army and the Navy, and quickly companies that had been making automobiles for Americans converted to make airplanes and tanks and everything necessary to outfit a country that was in NO way ready for war.
Soldiers drilling at camps in the
used wooden dummy rifles because every spare rifle was issued to soldiers going to War. They used wooden mock-ups to simulate tanks, because we didn’t have many tanks, or anything else to fight a war. U.S.
On December 7, 1941
was in pitiful condition to fight a war, but that Sunday was the day when it all began to change, as nearly everyone went to war. If not in uniform, then people went to work in defense industry jobs. Food and gasoline and many other things were rationed. America
If someone griped about the shortages of things for civilians, someone else quickly reminded him that there was a war on.
Many Japanese Americans (over 100,000) were removed from their homes and put into internment camps.
I walked a mile to
Franklin school ( ) every morning for classes that started at 8:45, 9:23 or 10:01. I always thought those were strangely precise times, like we were catching a train! Port Arthur, TX
Soon my brother, two years younger, joined me on the trips to and from school. One day he found an old exhaust muffler that had dropped off a car, and dragged it home. We built a mock machine gun and set it up in our back yard.
Then I gathered up all the scrap wood I could find and the two of us built a submarine right there in the yard.
We had a conning tower and a piece of 2” x 4” lumber for a periscope, and we had pieces of timber with nails sticking out to form the hull of our “boat”. I didn’t realize that 18 years later I would be serving as a young officer aboard a real American submarine!
One day I brought home an empty wooden egg crate from the grocery store near our house. When I dropped it on the ground, about one billion cockroaches ran out, in all directions, probably glad to join the war effort as residents at our house.
We were both Cub Scouts and then Boy Scouts, and both organizations pitched in to help collect scrap metal, scrap paper, kitchen fat and soap. We learned how to live and survive in the woods, and we learned how to signal with semaphore and Morse code, and First Aid, and swimming. The British guy (Lord Baden-Powell) who started the Boy Scouts knew what he was doing when boys all over the world learned the first basic things they would need to know, living and fighting in jungles, forests, snowy tundra, or in deserts.
Americans were challenged like never before. Never in any war since, and that includes
Korea, Viet Nam, Iraq and —never has the American civilian population been so involved. Here’s more about that time in our national life: Afghanistan
Adolph Hitler had heated the German people to white-hot hatred, and German troops marched all over
Europe while we watched. Most of Europe belonged to the Nazis before we even got into the fight.
When the Japanese attacked the American fleet at
Pearl Harbor, they thought they would prevent our navy from interfering with all their aggressive activities in the Pacific; with our navy knocked out, Americans would be demoralized.
These are a few of the items I list in my World War II Collection. Some are in German, or French, or Polish, and if you know any of those languages, they’ll interest you. The others are all in English, and they’re interesting too:
Bluejacket's Manual, United States Navy, 1940, Tenth Edition 1940
Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute. When sailors joined the U.S. Navy in 1940, this is the book they studied. The kept it close to their heart in boot camp, and it went in their seabag when they went aboard ship. This copy has owner's name on front free endpaper. Includes information for new recruits, information all Navy enlisted men must know: Discipline and Duty, Seamanship, Gunnery, Personal Hygiene and First Aid, Naval Customs, Shipboard Terminology, much more. 791 pp. 13 x 19 cm. Dark blue cloth on flexible board, Very good. (3436) $30.00. Nautical/Educational/Reference United States
See Here, Private Hargrove, with foreword by Maxwell Anderson, eleventh printing by Hargrove,
1943 Garden City, NY: The Sun Dial Press. 211 pp. 14 x 20 cm. This book was wildly popular near the start of World War II, made into a movie starring Eddie Bracken. The life of an army private--high good humor. Cloth on board, very good. Dj spine sunfaded, edges worn, fair. (4021) $15.00. Humor/World War II Marion
Comin' In On A Wing And A Prayer Lyric by Harold Adamson, Music by Jimmy McHugh, Featured by Carmen Cavallaro and his Orchestra 1943 New York, NY: Robbins Music Corporation 4 pp. 23 x 30 cm. Popular World War II tune, cover features inset photo of Carmen Cavallaro. Sheet music, moderate wear, good. (7113) $10.00. Music
A Mother’s greeting to her soldier son….
"Waiting to hear from you" , four-page greeting card from Mother to soldier son 1943 Worcester, MA: 11 x 14 cm. Card from Mrs. Burdett in
If you read German, here is a fine piece of Nazi propaganda. Even if you don’t read German you’ll quickly see the kind of enemy
Der Grosse Deutsche Feldzug Gegen Polen, [The Great German Campaign in Poland] Eine Chronik Des Krieges in Wort und Bild; Herausgegeben im Einvernehmen mit dem Reichsbildberichterstatter der NSDDAP, Prof. Heinrich Hoffman, Geleitwort Generaloberst Von Reichenau [Text in German] ca. 1940 Vienna, Austria: Verlag Für Militär Und Fächliteratur A. Franz Göth & Sohn. Triumphant book of pictures and German text extolling German march into
in 1939, with many references to the Versailles Peace Treaty of 1919. Geleitwort [Preface by] Generaloberst Von Reichenau. [Many photos of Adolf Hitler and his generals, happy “liberated” Germans in Danzig and other cities in Poland greeting Hitler and his troops with enthusiastic "heils". Many spirited exhortations from A. Hitler, General von Brauchitich, Field Marshal Hermann Göring, Admiral Raeder. Pictures of children presenting flowers to troops. Picture of truckload of Jews, text notes that a million Jews live in Poland . This is one of many propaganda pieces created by the Nazis to "explain" their attack against the “aggressive” Poles to "rescue" the beleagured Germans in the City of Poland . Der Feldzug in Polen; Zusammenfassende Darstellung, Die polnische Wehrmacht; Der polnische Angriffsplan; Ziel und Anlage der deutschen Operationen. Maps show how German troops stormed across Polish border, with attacks from Danzig Czechoslovakia, Germany and East Prussia; Drives on Lodz, Warsaw and Krakow. Maps show attacks as of 2, 6, 11, 14, 18 and 19 September. Last two maps show attacks from East by Soviet troops. Full-page portrait photos of Göring, Von Brauchitsch, Halder, von Rundstedt, von Bock, List, von Reichenau, von Kluge, von Küchler, Keitel, Guderian, Hoepner, Strauss, Hoth, Schmidt, von Briefen, Reinhardt, Kübler, Olbricht, Admirals Albrecht, and Schniewind. 344 pp. 22 x 32 cm.Green cloth on board, front and back hinges cracked, inside front hinge mended with black plastic tape, but front board loose; frontispiece of Hitler loose, top 6 cm of each page warped from moisture. On front free endpaper is inscription: "Sgt. H. White, '45". All pictures and text completely readable, clear. Poor. (7697) $95.00. World War II/Propaganda Salzburg
“I Fight” was the essential document that told German citizens all they needed to know about being a Nazi, the
Nazi Way of Life, the German concept of Freedom. [in German]
Ich Kämpfe (I Fight); Die Pflichten des Partei-Genossen. Original 1943 Edition of famed Nazi Propaganda Booklet, In German by Hitler, Adolf; Rosenberg, Alfred; Goebbels, Dr. 1943 München, Deutschland: Zentralverlag der NSDAP Franz Eher Nachf. Treuegelöbnis; Ich Gelobe meinem Führer Adolf Hitler Treue. Ich Verspreche, Ihm und Den Führern, Die er Mir Bestimmt, Jederzeit Achtung Und Gehorsam Entgegenzubringen. Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei. This booklet was issued to new members of the Nazi Party in 1943; Subjects covered include the SS, the SA, NSFK, NSF, NSKK, Promise of Loyalty to the Führer, Program of the NSDAP, the German Concept of Freedom, the National Socialist Revolution, Honor List of the Martyrs of the Movement, Our Will, the Responsibilities of Political Leaders, the National Socialist Way of Life, the Responsibility of Party Members, Dates in the History of the NSDAP, etc., etc. Sections written by various Nazi leaders, including Rosenberg and Goebbels. Excellent photos of Nazi Youth, children, soldiers; Color Portrait of Hitler, other color photos. 97 pp. 21 x 24 cm Paper booklet, cover in tan color with embossed Nazi eagle and swastika and leaf border design. Lightly soiled. Last page has several chips in page edge. Very good. (7387) $90.00. World War II/Germany.
Two issues of “Signal” a Nazi Photo Magazine…[in German]
Signal, Sonderausgabe der "Berliner Illustrierten Zeitung" 1 Oktoberheft 1940 D Nr. 13 [in German] 1940
: Berliner Illustrierte Zeitung. Nazi Photo Magazine published 1940-45, propaganda organ widely distributed during World War II. Cover shows black & white photo of German warplane flying at low altitude over English Channel, "Im Mittelpunkt des Weltinteresses: Ein Blick über den Kanal nach Berlin, Germany ". Lead article, " 35 Kilometer vir England Englands Küste.." includes large photo showing Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring on the Flanders coast looking toward with binoculars. Photo essay shows Nazi bombers bombing English targets, "Bomben werden eingeklinkt; Bomben werden aüsgeklinkt". Another large photo shows aerial view of England from 9000 meters, with German bomb hits identified. "Umschwung in Romänien" story about Romanian King Carol and London , with historical photos, photo of foreign correspondents in Wald von Compiègne. 48 pp. 27 x 36 cm. Periodical, incomplete: Missing pp. 9-10. Thus, poor. (7827) $21.00. World War II/History Romania
Signal, Sonderausgabe der "Berliner Illustrierten Zeitung" 2 Oktoberheft 1940 D Nr. 14 [in German] 1940
: Berliner Illustrierte Zeitung. Nazi Photo Magazine published 1940-45, propaganda organ widely distributed during World War II. Cover shows black & white photo of Foreign Minister Von Ribbentrop, Italian Count Galleazzo Ciano and Japanese Ambassador Saburo Kurusu. "Der Dreier-Pakt ist unterzeichnet: Ribbentrop, Ciano und Kurusu verlassen die Reichskanslei". (Tripartite Pact is signed by Ribbentrop, Ciano and Kurusu for Berlin, Germany Germany, Italy and .) Lead article: " Japan im Dreimächtepakt" several photos show "Peace-loving" Japanese troops playing with Chinese children, feeding a Chinese baby, and giving an old Chinese man a cigarette. Another photo shows Hitler, Kurusu, Ciano, Ribbentrop, with caption, "Die Unterzeichnung des Paktes". "Zwischen Neufundland und Kap Horn; Der britische Ausverkauf in der westlichen Hemisphäre"(Between Japan Newfoundland and Cape Horn, the British sell-out in the western hemisphere.) with full-page map of North and South America. Photo essay "Im Gespräch mit dem Reichsaußenminister; Eine Bildfolge aus dem Hauptquartier" (Interview with the Foreign Minister, photos from the headquarters) features nine photos of Adolf Hitler. "hieraus zieht man seine Schlüsse" shows work in Aerodynamic research in wind tunnel. "Italians Luftwaffe" shows photos of Italian warplanes. "Auf der Höhe der Zeit" shows how German military doctors take care of German soldiers. One photo shows a hospital corpsman attending to a wounded soldier, another shows a soldier carrying "Lebenselixier in Flaschen" and another shows surgeons at work in operating room. Another shows pretty Krankenschwestern und freiwilligen Helferinnen des Roten Kreuzes (Volunteer nurses and helpers of the Red Cross) helping recovering soldier; final picture shows recovering soldiers relaxing at Autobahn-Rasthaus am Chiemsee, with pretty nurses lounging around them. "Mut und Haltung entscheiden-- Schulpforta: Tradition und Zukunft einer Nationpolitischen Erziehungsanstalt." Two pages of photos of young men developing themselves-- boxing, marching in the fields, with gymnastics, swimming, studying, etc. "Umschwung in Rumänien" Part II. "Weisst Dü, wie ich wirklich bin? -- Ein junges Mädchen zeigt - wie viele Gesichter es hat" features photos of young women. 48 pp. 27 x 36 cm. Periodical, incomplete: Missing pp. 9-10. Thus, poor. (7828) $26.00. World War II/History
This one’s in English…
Battle, being one man's answer to "My " (Mein Kampf) by Adolph Hitler by Hendrik Willem Van Loon, 1938. Battle : Simon & Schuster. Struck by the apathy with which Americans greeted Hitler's rolling conquest of New York, NY Europe, a great historian issues this call to Americans to awaken, rearm and resist. He cites apathy of New Yorkers after their Mayor, Fiorello LaGuardia, was jeered, and Hitler cheered. October 12, 1838 was... a day of disgrace. 139 pp. 13 x 21 cm. Yellow paper on board, paper on spine nearly detached, penciled name, etc. on ffep, good. (0125) $20.00. World War II/History
Biography of Former Political Prisoners in German Camp System
Nazi Death Camps: Biografia Bylych Wiezniow Politycznych Niemieckich Obozow Koncentracyjnych [Translated: Biography of Former Political Prisoners in the German Concentration Camp System] Tom I [Vol. I] Text in Polish. By Komitet Wykonawczy Gladysz, Dr. Inz. Antoni; Szymerski, Andrzej 1974
Fence at Nazi Concentration Camp at
Ghetto no longer exists" [Es gibt keinen jüdischen Wohubezirk - in Warschau mehr!] From the Warsaw Ghetto Archivesof Alexander Ben. Bernfes--the story of the Nazis' extermination of the Polish Jews by Bernfes, Alexander Ben. 1973 Warsaw : Orbis Publishing Ltd. Collection of photos showing how the Nazis steadily squeezed the Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto, then systematically exterminated them. They were sent to Treblinka, where they used monoxide gas, but then Hoess, commandant at London, England Auschwitz used Zyklon B, crystallized prussic acid, which was "much more efficient." Photos show how Nazis tightened their grip on the Ghetto in Autumn 1941; dehumanizing techniques, baiting of Jews, shooting children who slipped into the Aryan areas to steal food, children branded as human vermin. Making Jews dig graves for themselves. Photos of many corpses, including children. In charge of this: Jürgen Stroop, SS-Brigadeführer and Majorgeneral of Police. He was executed in , the site of his greatest crimes, on 8 Sept. 1951. "May this record of infamy perpetrated against my people, portraying with total authenticity the life and annihilation of the Warsaw Ghetto, help to perpetuate their hallowed memory. Gloria Victis."-- Alexander Ben. Bernfes, Jewish Martyrs' Warsaw Graves Commission. 64 pp. 22 x 29.5 cm. Paper booklet very good. (8003) $20.00. World War II/Holocaust
Voice of Britain, The: Churchmen, Statesmen, Publicists, Doctors, Scientists and Sportsmen on Hitlerism by Austen Chamberlain, Sir; Churchill, Winston; Lloyd George, David; Barrie, James; Archbishop of Caterbury, et al. ca. 1934 London, England: McCorquodale & Co. Ltd. Collection of statements by prominent British citizens against the rise of Hitlerism, particularly the racial attacks on Jews in Germany. Includes statements by Archbishops of York and Canterbury, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Liverpool, leaders of the United Methodist Church, Rt. Hon. Sir Austen Chamberlain, Rt. Hon Winston Churchill, Rt. Hon. David Lloyd George, the Late Viscount Grey of Fallodon, Rt. Hon. Walter Elliot, Rt. Hon. W.G.A. Ormsby-Gore, The Countess of Oxford and Asquith, editorials by J.L. Garvin, Editor of The Observer, Hilaire Belloc, G.K. Chesterton, Sir William Arbuthnot Lane and Tennis Champions Austin and Perry. 16 pp. 13.8 x 21.4 cm. Pamphlet, very good. (7813) $45.00. World War II/Anti-Fascist
Child’s drawing of “Arrest” of Polish people by Nazis
W Oczach Dzieci: 10 lat Polski Ludowej w rysunkach dzieciecych [Through the Eyes of Children: 10 Years of the Polish People] In Polish. Zagala, Boleslaw; Jackiewiczowa, Elzbieta 1954
: Nasza Ksiegarnia Warszawa. Collection of delightful, full-color drawings by children during the years of World War II when Nazis occupied the country. Drawings include one labeled Wysadzenie pociagu niemieckiego przez partizantow polskich [Polish partisans blowing up German train], by Andrzej Wolniewicz, 13. Ewa Mehl, 7 draws a picture "Daddy Takes a Walk" shows prisoners in a concentration camp. Janina Piekarska, 14, drew a picture of Nazi soldiers arresting Polish people, all shown kneeling. The children captured the terror and cruelty, and the heroism of liberators, and then rebuilding the country after the war. This copy has mimeographed summary in English pasted in front of book, and translation of titles of drawings pasted in back of book. ~85 pp. 28 x 20.6 cm. Blue-grey cloth on board, front hinge cracked, text block good, with added sheets containing translations. Good. (5377) $55.00. World War II/Poland Warszawa, Poland
Stories about the Nazi Occupation of
, and the French Resistance… France
Le Livre des Otages, la politique des otages menée par les Autorités allemandes d'Occupation en France de 1941 à 1943; Préface de Marie-Claude Vaillant-Couturier [Story of French Hostages during Occupation of France by Germans in World War II.] [In French.] by Klarsfeld, Serge 1979 Paris, France: Les Éditeurs Français Réunis. Preface by
Auschwitz survivor. Author has collected files which detail arrests of French citizens by Nazis during World War II, for various crimes, including "communists", "Recrutement de membres our le PCF clandestin", "Activité terroriste", more. Photos include those of key S.S. officers Lischka, Hagen, Heinrichsohn. Files reproduced in book include reports from Romainville camp, detailing Raisons de la désignation comme otage, passé et activités politiques. Un des ouvrages les plus émouvants et les plus révélateurs de l'histoire de l'occupation et de la résistance. 295 pp. 13 x 21.5 cm. Trade paperback, text block loose from cover, good. (1682) $42.00. World War II
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