What to do about
For decades, Americans have seen
as a mob of shouting men yelling “Death to .” In our mind’s eye we see them as angry
people, and we probably tend to see little difference between them and angry
Arabs in America Libya, or Syria, or Iraq
or . Yemen
My family and I lived in
years ago, in the time when Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlevi was the king, and Iran and were close friends. There were many American and other western
contractors and military and civilian advisors working in America . Oil and gas flowed freely from the ground in Iran Iran, up to the USSR
to the north, and all over the world, and money flowed into ’s treasury. Iran
The Shah was trying to lead his country into the modern world, with improved standard of living for people, a growing industrial capability, and, like Kemal Attaturk’s
distancing from Islam. Turkey
During the mid 1970s, the money was coming into
in torrents, and corruption
was growing. More and more of those oil
dollars were getting siphoned off for a few insiders. Iran
A group of men, including some religious figures, had been watching this “modernization”, and the accompanying corruption, along with the growing movement toward a secular nation, and this drove them crazy. They were fed up with British imperialism, and now, from the start of World War II, the American brand.
Some consider that the Cold War began when the Soviet Union sent 15 armored brigades into
March 4, 1946. The Shah took pride in finally driving the Soviets out of northern provinces Iran in 1947, with support from the . United States
America saw the Soviets edging into control of through
Mohammad Mossadegh and the Tudeh party, the CIA engineered Mossadegh's overthrow, and
gave power back to the Shah. That was in 1953. Iran
For the next 25 years, the Shah matured, and with his leadership,
a respected member of the world community.
As partners with the Iran United States,
they prevented the Soviet Union from expanding into the Persian
Gulf. Gradually, the
Iranian Navy was becoming the “policeman” of the waters off Iran’s shores, a role that ’s Royal
Navy had previously held. Britain
Then, in the latter part of the 1970s, the Shah grew increasingly erratic. He listened only to those who told him what he wanted to hear. Where he had kept graft and corruption under control before, now he couldn’t.
With the huge increase in oil revenues after the 1973 Yom Kippur War, the flood of money was too much for the Shah to control.
The Shah, and those around him, lost sight of the lofty aim of moving
forward, as more and more
riches got siphoned off. He got sick
from cancer. By November, 1978, it was
clear that he was no longer in control. Iran
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (1902-1989)
Finally, in January 1979, the Shah left on “vacation”, but he was never to return.
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, an old enemy, whom the Shah had sent into exile in 1965, was brought back to
greeted by six million screaming, cheering Iranians, and the Islamic Republic
of Iran began to take shape quickly. Tehran
This all happened in 1979, over 30 years ago.
The religious leaders swiftly threw out the Shah’s “westernization” of Iranian society, and they have worked to convert the country to their ideal of an Islamic state.
They appear to be intent upon separating
Iran from what
they see as the corrupting influence of and the West. In their desire to reach this Islamic ideal,
not only have they sworn “death to America America”
but they have declared that
should be wiped off the earth. They have
begun a program of developing their own nuclear capability, and, we think, a
nuclear weapons capability, along with the attitude that such weapons might be
used to actually attack Israel ,
and threaten any other adversaries. Israel
American foreign policy has consisted mainly of applying sanctions to Iran, and urging other nations to apply them as well, with the objective of making it so difficult for Iran to do business that it would eventually change its ways.
Do sanctions work?
Are we pursuing the course of sanctions because it is the only thing we can think of?
We have tried to choke off Communist Cuba financially since its inception in 1959, twenty years before
became the Islamic Republic. And it
hasn’t worked there. Iran
When my family and I lived in
had a real problem with smuggling. The
whole Iran Persian Gulf shoreline was an extremely
porous barrier to illicit foreign trade.
Smugglers brought in all kinds of consumer goods, as well as liquor,
tobacco, drugs, industrial machinery--- just about anything to avoid paying
taxes or to bypass laws against importing certain items. Everyone knew this smuggling was going on. The Shah knew it. It was a fact of life. One need only visit
with someone inside the Tehran Bazaar to get an idea of how widespread
smuggling has always been in this land of the Silk Road.
Today, in spite of the prohibitions against shipping Iranian crude oil, the oil gets out. Huge quantities flow into
Iraq next door, and then onward to customers all
over Europe and beyond.
It appears that the only thing that sanctions accomplish is to give us the feeling that we are doing something about an irritating country.
Actually, sanctions often do have effects: they may antagonize the common man so that, instead of having bad feelings about their government, they simply hate us. Where the seeds of revolution may be planted, sanctions may work in the opposite way that we intend.
Sanctions may also make it harder for the substantial opposition within
. Not everyone in Iran is happy with living in a
state that seems to be heading backward in time. Not everyone is convinced that Iran and the
rest are on the side of Satan. America
So, do we just stand by, and watch
move toward developing nuclear weapons?
While we are watching, we are probably carrying out covert operations,
to collect intelligence, perhaps sabotage the nuclear capability, or foment
Or, should we actually come to overlook the threat of nuclear weapons, and use diplomacy to take away our sanctions, one by one?
I wonder how that would turn out?
Michael Sugrue, “Do Sanctions Work?
Policy”, Huffington Post, Feb. 22, 2012. U.S.
Abbas Milani, The Shah, 2011
Palgrave Macmillan. New York
Now, the Personal Navigator offers these books and papers….
Little Princesses, The, First Edition; Book Club Edition by Crawford,
1950 : Harcourt, Brace and Company. Marion Crawford was Governess to New York, NY 's Royal
Family for 17 years. She describes the
private lives of young Princess Elizabeth, Britain's future Queen, and her
younger sister, Princess Margaret Rose. Includes many photos (16 pp.) of early
lives of Princesses and their family up to one of the young Queen with nearly
one-year-old Prince Charles. Montage of
photos of royal scenes, wartime Britain
on endpapers. 314 pp.+ 16 photo pages. 14 x 21 cm. Red cloth on board, very
good. On first half-title page is affixed Canadian three-cent stamp showing
King George VI. Dustjacket illustration shows framed pictures of princesses,
photo of author on back; has minor chips and edgewear, interior corners
clipped, fair. (4946) $30.00. Biography London
George Fox: Selections from the Epistles of George Fox, Abridged by Tuke, Samuel 1858
, PA: Association of Friends for
the Diffusion of Religious and Useful Knowledge. This is the first edition in abridged form of Samuel
Tuke's earlier Selections of the Epistles of George Fox. Fox (b.1624, d.1691)
is considered to be the founder of the Society of Friends (Quakers). The
introduction in this small book is the same Tuke used in his earlier
Selections. Fox's mission was to speak truth to all, and that truth often got
him thrown into jail. When he visited Philadelphia he became an early champion
of the Indians and Black slaves (p.38-39, 67-70). He warns against vain
fashions, not to be over thoughtful of the things of this world, and urged
followers to believe in the Light as Christ commanded. 114 pp. 10 x 15.5 cm. Blindstamped design on
brown cloth on board, top of spine worn, dampstain to first and last pages,
good. (1734) $39.00. Religious/Quaker America
Lamb: Mary and Charles Lamb: Poems, Letters and Remains: Now first collected, with reminiscences and notes, First Edition, published simultaneous with
edition. By W. Carew Hazlitt, 1874 London :
Scribner, Welford and Armstrong. Life of
Charles Lamb, English Essayist, (1775-1834) and his sister, Mary (1764-1847).
In 1796 Mary Lamb, in a fit of insanity, attacked her mother and father,
killing her mother. Illustrated with
frontispiece portrait of Charles Lamb, and numerous facsimiles and
illustrations of favorite haunts of Lambs in New York, NY and suburbs. Good friend of Mary was
Lady Stoddart, later Mrs. Hazlitt. Author of this book is grandson of Hazlitts.
Includes 31 pp. Notes of Charles Lamb to Thomas Allsop by George William
Curtis. Lamb raves to Allsop about gift of Stilton cheese, notes Mary has "sense
enough to value the present." 307 + 31 pp. 12 x 19 cm. Attractive dark
blue cloth on board with gilt decoration, shows nude women in orbit around
woman with crown and male figure with donkey's head. Slight rubbing top and
bottom of spine, one illustrated page loose, some foxing, some pages unopened,
altogether very good. (2257) $56.00. Biography/English Letters London
Guide Through Europe Presented by the Hamburg-American Line; [Remains Property of the Traveler] 1902
Hamburg-American Line. Marvelous guide to Europe at turn of the Twentieth
Century with history of Hamburg-American Line, maps of Berlin, Dresden,
Cologne, Munich, Hamburg, Vienna, Zurich, London, Paris, Rome, Amsterdam,
Brussels, fold-out full-color topographic map of St. Gothard Railway, through
the Alps to Milan; full-color advertisement for Kölnische Düsseldorfer
Gesellschaft Rhein-Dampschiffahrt, full-color fold-out description and
timetable for Rhätische Bahn Landquart-Davos and Landquart-Chur-Thusis for
Winter 1902. Detailed descriptions of sights and cities in Berlin, Germany Europe,
advertisements. 936 pp. 12 x 18 cm. Decorated red cloth on board with HAPAG
flag on cover, slight tear in lower heel of spine, moderate wear. Inside front
and back hinges cracked, pp 1-2,2a-4, 223-224
loose, pp. 935-936 wrinkled. Overall very good. (2411) $60.00. Travel
Social-Democratic Movement in
Materials [Sotsial-Demokraticheskoye Dvizhenniye v Rossii] In Russian; Volume
A.N. Potresov and B.I. Nikolaevsky, Editors, Russian Reprint Series.
1967. Russia ,
NL: Russian Reprint Series. 1967 Reprint
of Original 1928 Volume One of Collection of letters of the early Communist
movement in The Hague .
Foreword by P. Lepeshinsky. Many letters to Potresov from all the old Communist
intellectuals, (1896-1904): Vera Zasulich, Rosa Luxemburg, Y.O. Martov, V.I.
Ulianov-Lenin, P.P. Maslov, V.A. Ionov, V.L. Shantser, G.V. Plekhanov, A.A.
Sanin, M.I.Tugan-Baranovsky, N.I. Tugan-Baranovsky, V.V. Vorovsky, P.B.
Akselrod; Letters from Akselrod to the Munich Section of the "Iskra"
Staff; Nazezhda Krupskaya to Akselrod
and to Vera Zasulich; Akselrod to Martov; Zasulich to Martov. Also text
of many early documents: "Materiali o Raskolye 'Soyuza Russkikh S-D.'
Zagranitsei v 1900 g." Question
about the International Conference in the Soviet Party (1904). Also about 70
pages of Primechanii (Notes). 410 pp. 15 x 22 cm. Green cloth on board with
gilt lettering, very clean and fresh.
(2990) $66.00. History/Russia Russia
Christian Revelation: A Summary of the Principal Evidences for the Truth and Divine Origin of the Christian Revelation to which is added the celebrated Poem on Death by Bielby Porteus, D.D., Bishop of London. 1814
: Isaiah Thomas Jun., No. 6
Marlborough-Street. This small book was prepared by Bishop Porteus primarily
for young people at this time (ca. 1800) "when new compendiums of
infidelity and new libels on Christianity are dispersed continually…through
every part of the kingdom.." Porteus offers 12 propositions.
Proposition VIII compares the Mahometan faith with the Christian and concludes
that "In Mahomet we see every distinctive mark of fraud; in Jesus, not
one of these is to be found; but, on the contrary, every possible indication
and character of truth." Little book ends with a mournful "Death,
a Poetical Essay". . 143 pp. 9 x 14.4 cm.Calf on board, well worn on
all edges. On front free endpaper is inscribed: "Helen M. Marshall's
Book, Colebrook, April 13th, 1816." Handwritten notes on front
pastedown, and small, faint pencil marks in text as owner sought to memorize
passages. Good. (6990) $49.00. Religious Boston, MA
Thomas' Town Officer, A Digest of the Laws of Massachusetts in relation to the powers, duties and liabilities of towns; New Edition, revised, corrected by Dwight Foster and James E. Estabrook, Counsellors at Law 1856
: Enos Dorr & Co. The
previous edition of this guide for Worcester,
town officials was published in 1849. This 1856 edition has removed
inconsistencies and brought things up to date. Town Meetings. Collection of
taxes. Settlement of Paupers. Surveyors of shingles and clapboards. Viewers and
cullers of hoops and staves. Measurers of upper leather, made of the hides of
neat cattle, buffalo or other animal.
Overseers of the Poor. "The overseers of the poor may bind, as
apprentices or servants, the minor children of any poor person, who has become
actually chargeable to their town, as having a lawful settlement therein, or
who is supported there.. at the charge of the Commonwealth...Such children..
may be bound, females to the age of 18 or to the time of their marriage within
that age, and males to the age of 21 years..." Lunatic Paupers: "
Judges may commit any lunatic.. who .. is so furiously mad.. that it is
dangerous to the peace and safety of the community...to the (lunatic)
hospital. Judges shall have the
authority to commit lunatic Indians.. to the Massachusetts ..."
Surveyors of Highways: "Any person who travels on the Lord's day
neither from necessity or charity, cannot maintain an action for an injury
received by him while so traveling..." 486 pp. 12 x 19 cm. Calf on
board, outer front hinge cracked, 2x 3
cm piece of leather on spine chipped off, scuffed, front board slightly
warped. Inscr. On front endpaper: "Horace
Wallis Jr., Town Officer, State Lunatic Hospital " and above that, "Presented
to the Historical Association July 1922 by .. daughter of (Hollis)."
Good condition. (5916) $75.00. Reference Holland,
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